A gin and tonic is a highball cocktail made with gin and tonic water poured over ice. It is usually garnished with a slice or wedge of lime, or lemon. The amount of gin varies according to taste. Suggested ratios of gin-to-tonic are 1:1, 1:2, 1:3, and 2:3.
In some countries, gin and tonic is marketed pre-mixed in single-serving cans.
It is commonly referred to as a "G and T" in Britain and Ireland. It is sometimes called a "T and T" if it is made with Tanqueray gin.
This cocktail was introduced by the army of the British East India Company in India.
Tonic water contains quinine, which was used to prevent malaria. In the 18th century, tonic water contained a large amount of quinine, which caused it to have a very bitter taste. Gin was added to make it more palatable. Tonic water sold today contains only a very small amount of quinine and is consequently much less bitter (and it is sometimes sweetened).
The flavor of the quinine complements the green notes of the gin (flavored with juniper), much as dry vermouth complements the gin in a classic martini.
Because of its connection with warm climates and its refreshing effects, gin and tonic is a very popular cocktail during the warmer...