"In the Aeroplane Over the Sea" is the third track of the Neutral Milk Hotel album of the same name.
Jeff Mangum wrote the song almost instantaneously while staying in Athens, Georgia with fellow Elephant 6 musicians. The song was written soon after Mangum became romantically involved with Laura Carter. While sitting in the yard of their Athens home, Mangum suddenly announced, "I got a song in my head!" and ran inside the house to play the song for the first time.
The song makes a brief reference to Anne Frank, who is mentioned numerous times throughout the album. It is believed to be about a young man who realizes that one day he is going to die, and accepts the idea.
One of the more fully produced songs on the album, Mangum's vocals are accompanied by doubletracked acoustic guitars, two tracks of a singing saw, horns, fuzz bass, and percussion.
The song is in the key of G major, and for the most part follows a simple I-vi-IV-V progression....